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Tai Ji Quan (Tai Chi )is a major division of Chinese martial art. Tai Ji Quan means “supreme ultimate fist”. Tai means “Supreme”, Ji means “Ultimate”, and Quan means “Fist”.

There have been different sayings about the origin of Tai Ji Quan. The traditional legend goes that the wise man Zhang Sanfeng of the Song Dynasty (960-1279) created Tai Ji Quan after he had witnessed a fight between a sparrow and a snake.

Tai Ji Quan has its philosophical roots in Taoism and is considered as an internal martial art, utilizing the internal energy, or Qi, and following the simple principle of “subduing the vigorous by the soft”. Taoism is the oldest philosophy of China which is represented by the famous symbol of the Yin and Yang which expresses the continuous flow of Qi in a circular motion that generates two opposite forces, plus and minus, which interact and balance with each others to bring existence to the physical and metaphysical world.

 

 

 

练太极常用英语:

抬头                 raise  one’s  head

挺胸                 square  one’s  shoulders

脚后跟着地           heel  touches  the  floor

脚尖着地             tiptoe  touches  the  floor

不要翘臀             don’t  raise  the  buttock

伸腿                 kick  the  bucket

伸直手臂             straighten  your  arm

曲肘                 bend  your  elbow

推掌                 push  palm

曲腿                 bend  the  bucket

太极 (Taiji) is the one exercise that can universally help solve our growing health crisis. With its gentle strength, tai chi moves us closer to feeling more alive and gives us the ability to realize our greater human potential.
Tai Chi is a good exercise method for health. Practicing Tai Chi Chuan you should exercise both externally and internally, physically and mentally, trying to keep the balance and unity of outer and inner part of the body. By imitating the movements of masters in our teaching stuff, you will find that your emotion, which is used to be up and down, calms down and self-control becomes an easy thing. What is more you will become aware of the great benefit, that is relaxation, a thorough relaxation. It is a very practical way for you to refresh from tension and exhaustion.  谢谢!

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Today tai chi chuan is known across the world for its profound philosophy, beautiful choreography and health benefits.

First, tai chi chuan is based on the Chinese philosophy of yin and yang. Tai chi chuan maintains that maneuvers and motionlessness are equally important, as is the fast and the slow. Tai chi chuan might appear slow and calm, whereas in fact all still positions pave the way for motion and the slow is preparation for the fast. Therefore tai chi chuan is the combination of opposite energies.

Second, tai chi chuan is a type of boxing that believes in retreat for the sake of advance and in using the striking force of the opponent. Hence it's an art of the soft conquering the tough by dissolving an offensive move and reversal from passiveness to aggressiveness.  

Third, tai chi chuan follows the theory of traditional Chinese medicine about energy passages within the human body and helps to cure illness and improve health. While helping to relax and stretch the body, tai chi chuan improves blood circulation, helps one concentrate and harmonizes the body and the mind.

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Authentic Yang Tai Chi 91t

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tAnnual meeting of entrepreneurs Tai Chi Exhibition

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Yang Tai Chi fourth layer frame

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Traditional Yang Style Tai Chi 28

太极拳英文基本用语  Tai Chi English basic words

掤、捋、挤、按、採、挒、肘、靠、进、退、顾、盼、定 Peng (warding off), Lv (rolling
back), Ji(pressing), An (pushing), Cai (pulling down), Lie
(splitting), Zhou (elbowing),Kao (body stroke), Jin (advancing),
Tui (retreating), Gu (shifting left), Pan(shifting right) and Ding (central equilibrium)
不丢不顶 no releasing and resisting directly
不解之谜 mystery
不偏不倚 impartiality
缠丝 twining
沉肩坠肘 lowering the shoulders and elbows
沉着 heavy and steady
撑掌 unfolding palm
抽丝 taking out the thread
丹田 Dantian (pubic region)
弹簧力 springy force
导引术 guidance    道 Tao;Dao

道法自然 Taoism following the nature
敌进我退,敌驻我扰,敌疲我打,敌退我追 retreating as the enemy advances, disturbing as theenemy camps, attacking as the enemy fatigues, advancing as the enemy retreats
第五代传人 fifth-generation successor
顶头悬 suspending the head and relaxing the neck
懂劲 comprehending force
动与静 motion and stillness
动中寓静 stillness with motio
动作/招式/招术 movement/action
对立统一 the unity of opposites
对立与统一 contradition and unfication;unity of theopposites
提面命 whispering into disciples’ ears and talking face to face
发劲 discharging force
法道修身 self-cultivation with Tao
法道治国 state-governing by Tao
反者道之动,弱者道之用 The application of Dao is using mildnessrather than violence, softness rather than hardness
非圆即弧 either circle or arc
刚柔相济 combining hardness with softness
根于脚,主宰于腰,行于手指 rooting with feet, leading with waist, andmoving with fingers
弓步 n.bow stance; v.lunge forward
功夫 Gongfu; Kungfu;fighting art;fightingskills
攻防 attack and defense; offense and defense
攻防搏击 offensive and defensive fighting
贯串之意 Yi of permeating
国术馆 National Martial Arts Gyms
含胸拔背 contracting the chest and lengthening theback
合中有开 closing with opening
后发制人 striking only after being struck
呼、发、伸、进、起、仰、往、出、放、打、击、刚、动、实、开、升、上、左breathing out, attacking,
extending,advancing, raising, facing upward, going, sending,releasing, hitting,striking,hardness, moving, solidness, opening, lifting, ascending,turning left
呼与吸 breathing out and breathing in
化劲 dispersing force
技击术 art of attack and defense
节节贯串 joints’ coordinating
借力打力 transforming the coming force to attackthe opponent
劲整 integrating force
经络 Jingluo (main and collateral channels)
经络中通行的气 Qi (air) in Jingluo
精神 mind
静中寓动 motion with /in stillness
卷(蓄)与放 storing and discharging
开胯屈膝 separating the thighs and bending theknees
开与合 opening and closing
开中有合 opening with closing
快与慢 rapidness and slowness
老子学说 Laozi’s Doctrines
砺练品格 morality training
练劲 building up power
练巧 mastering techniques
练顺 smoothing out the frame
螺旋 volution
螺旋缠绕 spiral enwinding
落点(劲点) attacking points positions
门规戒条 doctrines, regulations and restrictions
内不动,外不发 no internal Yi (mind), no externalmovements


内劲 Neijin (inner power)
内劲潜换 inner power exchanging
内气 Neiqi (inner air)
内外皆修 internal and external cultivation
内外统一 uniting mind with body
偏心距 eccentric distance
平和安静,谦和大度,博爱真诚,感恩包容 gentleness and peace, modesty andgenerosity, love and sincerity, gratitude and tolerance
平心静气 calming mind
气沉丹田 Qi Chen Dantian (storing qi in the pubicregion
气敛 Storing Qi (spirit;air)
牵一发而动全身 a slight move in one part may affect thewholesituation
乾坤 Qiankun (heaven and earth, the universe)
强身健体 body building and physical fitness
 aperture
轻灵 agile
轻与沉 lightness and heaviness
全国武术锦标赛 Championship of National Martial Arts
拳法 boxing method
拳理 boxing theory
拳式 movement
拳姿 boxing posture

人不犯我、我不犯人、人若犯我、我必犯人 We will not attack unless we are attacked;if we are attacked, we will certainlycounterattack.
柔与刚 softness and hardness
儒雅端庄 refined and dignified
散手 San Shou (free sparring)
上下相随 the harmony between the upper and lowerbody
舍己从人 giving up one’s own to accept the widely-accepted one
身心双修 physical and spiritual cultivation
 Shen (concentration of the mind)

神聚 concentrating the attention

神明 sprirtual illumination

十大文化脉系 ten major regional cultures
十三势 Thirteen (13) Postures
收敛入骨 storing in the body
疏通经络 activating channels
四两拨千斤 defeating the strong with little effort
松静自然 being natural, relaxed and quiet
松柔缓慢 soft and slow
松腰圆裆 relaxing the waist and separating thethighs
宋明理学 Neo-Confucianism
太极拳 Taijiquan;Tai Ji Quan;Tai Chi;Taijiboxing;Shadowboxing
太极拳圣地 Hometown of Taijiquan
太极拳小架子 the small frame of Taijiquan
太极图 Taiji Diagram
陶冶情操 molding character
套路 routine
体育运动学 sports and kinematics
天地与我并生,万物与我为一。 The nature lives with me in symbiosis, andeverything is with me as a whole.
天人合一 Tian Ren He Yi (harmony between Man andNature)
听劲 judging the opponent’sforce
推手 Tui Shou (pushing hands)
唯物辩证 Dialectical Materialism
尾闾 Wei Lv( acupoint; tailbone)
未老先防 anti-aging prevention before growing old
温文尔雅 gentle and elegant
文化内涵 cultural connotations
文静自然 quiet and natural
文拳 Wenquan (Boxing of Thoughts)
文武兼修 adept with pen and sword
文追鸿儒,痴迷拳术 versed in polite letters and obsessed withmartial arts
无过不及,不偏不倚 no excess, no deficiency
无为而为;无为而治 actionless governance doing nothing thatgoes against nature
五阴并五阳 half Yin and half Yang
五趾抓地 feet grasping the ground
武术 martial arts; wushu
物极必反 Extremes Meet
吸、蓄、屈、退、落、俯、来、入、收、化、引、柔、静、虚、合、降、下、右breathing in, storing,
bending,retreating, dropping, leaning, coming, entering, holding, dispersing, guiding,softness, quietness, emptiness, closing, falling,descending, turning right
先天气 Xiantianqi (congenital air)
行云流水 flowing clouds and running water
形神共养 cultivating both the mind and the body
形神皆备 spirit and appearance likeness
修身养性 self-cultivation
虚领顶劲 erecting the head and relaxing the neck;erecting thehead and neck naturally
虚其心,实其腹 emptying one’s mind and filling one’sstomach
虚实 Xu Shi;voidness and solidnessemptiness and solidness
旋踝转腿 rotating the ankles and legs
旋腕转膀 rotating the wrists and shoulders
旋腰转脊 rotating the waist and back
 acupoints
延年益寿 keeping longer longevity;longevityprolonging
养生术 science of health preserving
一静一动 stillness and motion
一开一合 opening and closing
一招不慎全盘皆输 one careless move loses the whole game
以静制动 coping with all motions by remainingmotionless
以柔克刚 overcoming hardness with softness
以弱胜强 conquering strength with weakness
以退为进 retreating in order to advance
以武载道 incorporating cultural elements intomartial arts
以小力胜大力 defeating the strong with little effort;conqueringstrength with weakness
以意导动 conducting movements with Yi

 Yi (mind)
阴阳 Yin and Yang; Yin-Yang;Yin/Yang
阴阳互根 Yin and Yang rooting in each other
阴阳相济 Yin and Yang assisting each other;Yin andYang existing; Yin and Yang existingtogether
阴阳学说 Yin-Yang Theory
用法之意 Yi of directions
用意 using Yi
元气 Yuanqi (vitality)
原始道家 the original Taoism
原始儒家 the original Confucianism
圆活饱满 softness and fullness
圆与方 circle and square
沾连粘随 Zhan Lian Nian Sui (touching, sticking,adhering andfollowing)
哲拳 Zhequan (Boxing of Philosophy)
正气 Zhengqi (pure air)
致虚极,守静笃 finding rest and peace, and feeling ease
中国传统医学 TCMtraditional Chinese medicine
中国佛学 Chinese Buddhism
中国古典哲学 Chinese classical philosophy
中气 Zhongqi (air in internal organs)
中正和谐 Harmony and Perfection
中正之说 Notion of Zhong and Zheng (Harmony and Perfection)
着熟 be skilled
姿势 posture

 

 Zhang, San-feng’s (張三豐) Taijiquan Treatise states:

What are the thirteen postures? peng (wardoff), lu (rollback), ji (press or squeeze), an (press down, forward, upward), cai (pluck or grab), lie (split or rend), zhou (elbow), kao (bump), these are the eight trigrams. Jin bu (step forward), tui bu (step backward), zuo gu (beware of the left), you pan (look to the right), zhong ding (central equilibrium), these are the five elements. Wardoff, rollback, press, and push are qian (heaven), kun (earth), kan (water), and li (fire), the four main sides. Pluck, split, elbow, and bump are xun (wind), zhen (thunder), dui (lake), and gen (mountain), the four diagonal corners. Step forward, step backward, beware of the left, look to the right, and central equilibrium are jin (metal), mu (wood), shui (water), huo (fire), and tu (earth). All together they are the thirteen postures.

 

Taichi, Yin and Yang Theory
The yin and yang theory is used to classify everything, whether ideas, spirit, strategy, or force. For example, female is yin and male is yang, night is yin and day is yang, weak is yin and strong is yang. It is from the interaction of all the yin and yang that life was created and grew. Taijiquan is based on this theory and applies it to form, motion, force, and fighting strategy. In the thousands of years since the taiji theory was first stated, many taiji symbols have been designed. The best one for both theory and application is a circle that contains yin and yang. In this figure, the circle and the curved dividing line between yin and yang imply that both yin and yang are generated and contained in roundness. The smooth dividing line between yin and yang means that they interact smoothly and efficiently.

 

Traditional Yang's Tai Chi 

Traditional tai chi was originally developed for self-defense, but tai chi has evolved into a graceful form of seated exercise that's now used for stress reduction and a variety of other health conditions. Often described as meditation in motion, seated tai chi promotes serenity through gentle, flowing movements.

Worthy of note is the growing popularity of seated tai chi exercises touted by the medical community and researchers. Seated tai chi is based primarily on the Yang short form, and is being used by the general public, medical practitioners, and tai chi instructors in a growing elderly population.

It would have been possible to simply take the well-known yang short form and redesign it for seated positions. There is, however, the matter of the integrity of the form itself. Within any tai chi form, there lies a certain inherent logic and purpose to each of the movements.

The synchronization of the upper body with the steps and the breathing exists in a very carefully crafted order developed over hundreds of years, and the transition to seated positions is an important factor in the movements themselves.

 

Research has shown that seated tai chi techniques can make big improvements to a person's physical and mental well being. Marked improvements in balance, blood pressure levels, flexibility and muscle strength, peak oxygen intake, and body fat percentages can be achieved.

 

Taiji is one of the Chinese Traditional martial ['mɑ:ʃəl] arts. Long long ago, it wasdesigned as a unique and profound self-defense technique. As an ancient Kongfu, Taiji includes quan, sword, broadsword, spear, push-hand,et cetera. Especially push-hand is well known for its tactic ['tæktik] and technique, the powerful and aggressive opponent [ə'pəunənt] being defeated by a small clever attack or an abrupt explosive [ik'spləusiv] power. As a typical artful Chinese Kongfu, hand push has been highly popular with the small and weak people.

太极拳是中国传统武术之一, 是很久以前作为一种独特而高深的自卫方法诞生的。作为一种古老的功夫,太极包括拳、剑、刀、枪、推手等。尤其是推手,素以技巧闻名,强大有力的对手被小而巧妙的攻击或突然的爆发力所击败。作为典型的技巧类的中国功夫,推手备受弱小者的青睐.

 

Concentrating on correct posture and breathing control, Tai Chi's movements are fluid['flu(:)id], graceful and well balanced, promoting the complete harmony of body and mind. Tai Chi provides the mental relaxation[,ri:læk'seiʃən] and physical fitness so essential in our modern stress-filled lives.

太极动作流畅、优雅、协调,它要求精力集中在正确的姿势和呼吸上,从全面促进身心平衡。在这个充满压力的现代社会,太极所带来的精神放松与身体健康显得尤为重要。

 

    Tai Chi is an unusual form of martial arts whereby we believe in building strength - mental and physical from within, softness is stronger than hardness, moving in a curve[kə:v] is better than a straight line, yielding is more efficient than confronting. It is especially different from western types of sports such as rugby['rʌɡbi] where the harder and quicker the better. Tai Chi is a sport that strengthens the body as well as the mind from within.   

太极是一项非同寻常的武术运动,它由内而外强健我们的身体和心灵 。在这项运动中,柔比刚更强,缠绕比直线运动更好,化力比正面冲突更有效。 和西方那些追求更快更强的运动如橄榄球不同, 太极强调的是从内而外地强健我们的身体和心灵。  

 

No matter you are young or aged, male or female, no matter strong or weak, slim or plump[plʌmp], you all can choose Taijiquan as your ideal physical exercise. When practicing it quietly and slowly, you can sense the existing of air and fully enjoy the aerobic[,eiə'rəubik] bath, meanwhile you can also feel all the movements like the rhythmically['riðmikli]  uninterrupted waves. Taiji--- the world of Yin and Yang, the world of the nature and relaxation[,ri:læk'seiʃən], will become your wholenew life style in the future. 

 

不管男女老少、强弱胖瘦,你都可以选择太极拳作为你理想的锻炼方法。在安静舒缓的运动中,你能感知空气的存在,仿佛充分享受空气浴,同时你也能感觉到所有动作连绵不断,充满韵律。太极--阴和阳的世界,自然和放松的世界,必将成为你未来崭新的生活方式。

 

What are the benefits of tai chi?

In China, it is believed that tai chi can delay aging and prolong life, increase flexibility, strengthen muscles and tendons, and aid in the treatment of heart disease, high blood pressure, arthritis, digestive disorders, skin diseases, depression, cancer, and many other illnesses. Unfortunately, there hasn't been a good deal of scientific evidence to support these claims. In a special study of tai chi called a meta-analysis, where many studies on one subject are reviewed, the author concludes that although there is some evidence to support the positive effects of tai chi on health, fitness、 and balance, many of the studies are limited by small numbers of subjects and wide variation in the type and duration of tai chi used. Bearing these limitations in mind, here are some of the documented benefits.





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